Plenary 8 (PL8)

2:00 pm - 4:45 pm 

Origin and Evolution of Life and Consciousness    

Steen Rasmussen, University of Southern Denmark, Sante Fe Institute

Stuart Kauffman, Sante Fe Institute           

Sara Walker, Arizona State University

Bruce Damer, UC Santa Cruz     


Bruce Damer, PhD

Research Scientist, Department of Biomolecular Engineering

UC Santa Cruz


Bruce Damer, A Novel Hypothesis for The Origin of Life: Implications for Science,

the study of consciousness and a re-centering of human civilization



Multi disciplinary scientist Dr. Bruce Damer co-authored the "Hot Spring Hypothesis” of life’s origins and is now considering its scientific, philosophical and spiritual implications. He has also spent decades developing spacecraft designs and simulations for NASA and the space industry with the mission to provide life and human civilization a path forward into the cosmos.

In the 1980s he authored some of the first graphical interfaces on personal computers and in the 1990s helped pioneer the Internet virtual world medium. He collects and curates a century of computing artifacts and the archives of consciousness research figures such as Timothy Leary, Terence McKenna and others. Find more about "Dr. Bruce" at